Poetry was originally a verbal art, with epic poems like The Odyssey being presented and presented down through a purely oral tradition. Now, we’re seeing a return to the oral tradition through the performance poetry scene (commonly known as “slam poetry”). But what’s the value of memorization?
Many people don’t consider a poem a poem unless it uses imagery. But what is imagery?
Imagery is the name given to the elements in a poem that spark off the senses. Any of the five senses (sight, hearing, touch, taste, smell) can be used. The more concrete the details, the more imagistic it is. So while “She is beautiful” isn’t imagery, “Her hair was the color of polished bronze and her eyes gleamed like amber” would be.
A poet builds concepts metaphor by metaphor. Each metaphor is a bridge leading the reader to more full understanding of whatever the writer is describing. Despite how frequently we use metaphors, however, many writers are confused about the word’s meaning.
(or: why you probably hate looking at poetic rhythm)
Students are typically taught rhythm through “scansion,” which is the process of marking the emphasis of each syllable of a poem. Typically, students are taught two levels of emphasis: unaccented ( x ) and accented ( / ). Scansion is used to identify rhythmic units (known as “feet”), especially in traditional poetic forms like sonnets and blank verse, where the repetition of “iambs” (syllable groupings, such as x /) are an important part of the poetic form.
April is National Poetry Month, we’re posting a short series on the basics of poetry. Whether you’re looking to refresh your skills or are interested in learning about poetry for the first time, we’ve got you covered. In these series, we will cover five core elements of poetry.